Through this study, we propose an overview of two decades of research on Strategic Environmental Scanning (ESS) and competitive intelligence (CI) in Tunisia. A particular attention is given to Scientific and Technical Scanning (STS) as part of SES practices and as a strong support to R&D activity and trigger of innovation. The objective of this work is to fill a gap faced by academic researchers interested in issues related to this field of research. The scarcity of meta-analyses within the literature review and retrospective studies could be an obstacle to the cumulative nature of the research and the
capitalization of actionable knowledge from the various investigations.
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